See Image Galleries


You are here: Iris Wiki>TbAthruE Web>TallBearded>TbAurea (16 Sep 2023, Harloiris)Edit Attach

■ (TB) 'Aurea'

1830, Jacques

'Aurea' (1830) TB. Midseason bloom. Color Class Y4M. 24" (60 cm)

Note current classification would make this a Miniature Tall Bearded (MTB), See MTB 'Aurea'

Since aurea appears among Lémon's iris listings but with an old fashioned name (in Latin), it is thought he inherited it from Jacques. Nevertheless, a velum from 1680 (by Joubert now in Paris) shows a yellow iris called iris lutea sativa. Emmanuel Sweerts's Florilegium also displays an "iris tripolitana flore luteo". And as soon as the late 1500, the Italian botanist Mattioli describes the many yellow irises cultivated in Bohemia. Nowadays one still comes accross iris aurea in Central Europe, but never in France. Its origin may well be far older than M. Jacques…

1612 Florilegium (E. Sweerts) Iris tripolitana flore luteo1680 J. Joubert - Iris lutea sativaphoto courtesy Mike UnserAureaSand, Austin W. W. Memoir 100. A Study of Pogoniris Varieties. July 1926. Ithaca: Cornell University. Plate I. Historical Iris Preservation Society Photocopy edition, 2003. Print.Biodiversity Heritage Library


Journal de la Société Nationale d'Horticulture de France, 1922, Tome XXIII, p. 217.
From Cornell Bulletin 112: Color effect a rich yellow self. Standards empire yellow. falls empire yellow, tinting lighter along the brilliant, showy beard. A vigorous grower, with compact yellow-green foliage. The flower stalks are freely produced and of medium height, making the plant exceptional for color mass as well as for cut flowers. Its late blooms and brilliant color cause it to stand out as one of the thirty distinct sorts, even tho it is a very old variety. This bearded iris should not be confused with the apogon sort, species aurea. The bearded iris sort here described is sometimes known in the trade as 'Canary Bird'. Rating 74. Note it is very likely that this is just a color form of Iris variegata and if height information can be located it should likely be classed today as an MTB a class that did not exist at the time it was recorded.
From Adamgrove catalog, 1997: AUREA Jacques, 1830) Lemon yellow, barely what we'd now call a "tall" bearded. Jacques was an important gardener of his day and helped bring M. Lemon into irises. AUREA appears to be one of the few Jacques irises to survive to the present. $5.00. HC RHS 1916.
Further references: Lemon 1839; Revue Horticole 214. 1839; Gardeners' Chronicle 1: 382. 1841; Watson 1854; Van H. 1869; F & P 1884; Gardeners' Chronicle 14 July 1894 The Garden 52: 364. 6 Nov. 1897% Royal T. 1906; Macoun; Farr 1912; Francis 1920: Wing 1920; Forbes 1938; Rowan 1938; Vilmorin 1938: Wass. 1938; Kat. 1939; AAA 150.; High Commendation, Royal Horticultural Society 1916; AA clix.
From Longfield Iris Garden catalog, 1930: AUREA (Jacques, 1830). Standards and falls clear chrome yellow; falls veined faint brown; beard orange. Good for mass effect. Thirty inches. $0.25.


Quick Summary of Cultural Directions

Hardiness Zones 4-8 for most varieties, Some cultivars tolerate colder, others tolerate warmer zones (please comment in comment box with your location if this cultivar grows well in zone 3, 4, 9, or 10.)
Exposure Prefers full sun for optimal performance, may still bloom in half-day shade
Water: Prefers well drained good garden soil, Tolerant of dry conditions in established plants, Intolerant of swampy conditions.
PH Prefers Neutral to basic solis 6.1 to 8.5, quite toleranr of more extreme conditions
Fertilizer Prefers rich conditions on relatively inorganic soils.

BobPries - 21 Apr 2019

Please do not enter images that are not your own without owners' permission, this is against Wiki policy

"Although the Encyclopedia is free to all, it is supported by Emembership in AIS, If you would like to help sustain this reference, for $15 you can become an Emember, click here."

Interested in Tall Bearded Iris? Please visit the: Tall Bearded Iris Society website.

To Report errors do not use comment box but contact the Iris Encyclopedia Photo Manager or Iris Encyclopedia Manager Comment box is reserved for added information about the topic.

Your Observations Are Valued. Please make note of bud count, branching, purple based foliage and bloom time, etc. Because these are affected by climate, note date, year and geographic location and write these and other comments in the comment box below.

Interested in Historic Irises ? Please visit the: Historic Iris Society website.

Interested in French irises ? Please visit: Société Française des Iris et plantes Bulbeuses - SFIB | website (french language).


-- BobPries - 2010-11-10
I Attachment Action Size Date Who Comment
1612 Florilegium (E. Sweerts) Iris plicata, i. tripolitanore luteo, i. fl. purpureo, i. violacea.jpgjpg 1612 Florilegium (E. Sweerts) Iris plicata, i. tripolitanore luteo, i. fl. purpureo, i. violacea.jpg manage 142 K 15 Sep 2023 - 21:10 PascalJordan 1612 Florilegium (E. Sweerts) Iris tripolitana flore luteo
1680 J. Joubert - Iris lutea sativa <a class="foswikiNewLink" href="/bin/edit/TbAthruE/MNHNP11F47?topicparent=TbAthruE.TbAurea" rel="nofollow" title="Create this topic">MNHNP11F47</a> (3).jpgjpg 1680 J. Joubert - Iris lutea sativa MNHNP11F47 (3).jpg manage 70 K 15 Sep 2023 - 21:11 PascalJordan 1680 J. Joubert - Iris lutea sativa
Aurea.JPGJPG Aurea.JPG manage 71 K 30 Jan 2011 - 19:49 IrisP  
Aurea_Cornell.jpgjpg Aurea_Cornell.jpg manage 171 K 28 Jan 2014 - 20:07 DavidPotembski Sand, Austin W. W. Memoir 100. A Study of Pogoniris Varieties. July 1926. Ithaca: Cornell University. Plate I. Historical Iris Preservation Society Photocopy edition, 2003. Print.
Aurea_TheGarden1897.jpgjpg Aurea_TheGarden1897.jpg manage 48 K 25 Nov 2013 - 18:50 BobPries Biodiversity Heritage Library
aurea-jb.jpgjpg aurea-jb.jpg manage 22 K 14 Feb 2013 - 20:19 Main.Harloiris photo courtesy Mike Unser
Topic revision: r33 - 16 Sep 2023, Harloiris
This site is powered by FoswikiCopyright © by the contributing authors. All material on this collaboration platform is the property of the contributing authors.
Ideas, requests, problems regarding Iris Wiki? Send feedback