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■(SPEC) Iris orchioides Carrière

1880, Botanical author Carrière


Iris orchioides Carrière (Élie-Abel Carrière, 1880, East Bokhara); Subgenus Scorpiris (Juno), Color Code Y4M.

Iris orchioides can be distinguished from Iris bucharica with which it had been confused for a long time by the large wings on the hafts of the falls which form a channel to direct pollinators. Bucharica has no enlarged wings. Dykes original key separated orchioides from bucharica but Dykes had not seen the true orchioides but was looking at a pure yellow form of bucharica.

See below:
Sean Zera photoSean Zera photoSean Zera photoSean Zera photoPhoto by Ken Walkerorchioides bulbAlan McMurtrie photoAlan McMurtrie photoAlan McMurtrie photo


Revue Horticole, 1880, 52e année, p. 337
The plant in Curtis's Botanical Magazine. 116: tab. 7111. 1890, illustrated in color refered to this name is now known to be Iris bucharica ; The plant labeled as I. orchioides in the following catalogs was also I. bucharica; Krel. 1892; 1913; Van T. 1900; 1938; Wal. 1913; Barr 1928; Eddy 1929; Hocker 1938;
Khassanov, F.O. & Rakhimova, N. (2012). Taxonomic revision of the genus Iris L. (Iridaceae Juss.) for the flora of central Asia. Stapfia 97: 174-179.
Komarov, V.L. (ed.) (1935). Flora SSSR 4: 1-586. Izdatel'stov Akademii Nauk SSSR, Leningrad.
Nikitina, E.V. & al (eds.) (1951). Flora Kirgizskoi SSR 3: 1-148. Frunze : Izd-vo KirgizFAN SSSR.
Innes, C. (1985). The World of Iridaceae: 1-407. Holly Gare International Ltd., Ashington.
A Guide to Species Irises, their Identification and Cultivation, The Species Group of The British Iris Society, 1997, Cambridge;


Juno orchioides (Carrière) Vved., Fl. Uzbekistan. 1: 519 (1941).
syn. Iris caucasica Regel; Iris caucasica var. major, Maxim.; Iris caucasica var. oculata Maxim.; Iris caucasica var. oculata Regel;

Chromosome counts

Orchioides. 2n=22 Simonet 1932; 2n=22 Bochantseva 1966. ( These counts may also be I. bucharica in error)



Distribution and Cultivation

Distribution: Region:

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-- BobPries - 2010-04-20
I Attachment Action Size Date Who Comment
Iris-orchioides-Sean_Zera1.jpgjpg Iris-orchioides-Sean_Zera1.jpg manage 65 K 14 Jan 2015 - 20:10 BobPries Sean Zera photo
Iris-orchioides-Sean_Zera2.jpgjpg Iris-orchioides-Sean_Zera2.jpg manage 35 K 14 Jan 2015 - 20:11 BobPries Sean Zera photo
Iris-orchioides-Sean_Zera3.jpgjpg Iris-orchioides-Sean_Zera3.jpg manage 228 K 14 Jan 2015 - 20:11 BobPries Sean Zera photo
Iris-orchioides-Sean_Zera4.jpgjpg Iris-orchioides-Sean_Zera4.jpg manage 138 K 14 Jan 2015 - 20:12 BobPries Sean Zera photo
Iris_orchrioides_KWW_1.jpgjpg Iris_orchrioides_KWW_1.jpg manage 60 K 02 Mar 2015 - 03:57 Main.KWalker Photo by Ken Walker
Orchioides_McMurtrie_Photo2.jpgjpg Orchioides_McMurtrie_Photo2.jpg manage 724 K 14 Jan 2015 - 20:15 BobPries Alan McMurtrie photo
Orchioides_McMurtrie_Photo3.jpgjpg Orchioides_McMurtrie_Photo3.jpg manage 520 K 14 Jan 2015 - 20:14 BobPries Alan McMurtrie photo
Orchioides_McMurtrie_photo.jpgjpg Orchioides_McMurtrie_photo.jpg manage 515 K 14 Jan 2015 - 20:13 BobPries Alan McMurtrie photo
orchioides_bulb.jpgjpg orchioides_bulb.jpg manage 36 K 16 Jan 2015 - 13:51 BobPries  
Topic revision: r20 - 06 Oct 2023, AlainFranco
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