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■ (SPEC) Iris falcifolia Bunge

1847, Bunge

Iris falcifolia Bunge (Alexander von Bunge, 1847, Caspian Beluchistan); Section Hexapogon; height 4-8" (10-20 cm); 2-5 flowers, lilac with darker veining; beard whitish; Leaves curved wider; Pl. Lehn in Mem. Sav. Etr. 7: 505. 1847; Dykes, The Genus Iris 128. 1913, illustrated; Yr. Bk., I.S.(E.) 44. 1933; Iris fiifolia Bung; Iris longiscapa Ledeb. 2n=18, Zakharyeva 1985.

See below:
From DykesI.falcifolia


Iris falcifolia Bunge, Beitr. Fl. Russl.: 329 (1852).
Dykes in The Genus Iris, 1913;
Rootstock , a small knarled rhizome of Oncocyclus or Regelia character, covered with the hair-like fibres of old leaves.
Leaves , falcate, narrow, linear, 4-8 in. long by ¾ in. broad.
Stem , slender, 6-10 in. long, bearing a single terminal head.
Spathes , 1-1¾ in. long, contammg 2 to 3, or even 4, flowers, apparently green, narrow, acuminate.
Pedicel , none or very short.
Ovary ,
Tube , 1 in.
Falls , oblong, lanceolate, bearded, I½ in. long.
Standards , 1½ in., blade narrowly lanceolate with a canaliculated haft, which usually bears a few hairs.
Styles , 1 in. long, keeled.
Crests , narrow, pointed, triangular, 3/8 in. long.
Stigma ,
Filaments ,
Anthers , slightly shorter than the filaments.
Pollen ,
Capsule , of the Regelia character, dehiscing below the apex.
Seeds , oval or pyriform, with distinct whitish aril.


The appearance of the rhizome of this Iris and of the many flowered spathes suggested that it is really a member of the Regelia group. This is confirmed by the capsule and by the seeds. The former is smaller than, but similar in shape to, those of the Regelia Irises and the seeds have the characteristic white aril (cf. herbarium specimens and Maximowicz's description in B. A. P. I.e. "hilo perforato albido ").

falcifolia does not appear ever to have been in cultivation.
Khassanov, F.O. & Rakhimova, N. (2012). Taxonomic revision of the genus Iris L. (Iridaceae Juss.) for the flora of central Asia. Stapfia 97: 174-179.
Merkodovich, N.A. (ed.) (1941). Flora Uzbekistana 1: 1-566. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.
Ovczinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 2: 1-454. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
Wendelbo, P. & Mathew, B (1975). Flora Iranica 112: 1-79. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
Innes, C. (1985). The World of Iridaceae: 1-407. Holly Gare International Ltd., Ashington.
Czerepanov, S.K. (1995). Vascular Plants of Russia and Adjacent States (The Former USSR): 1-516. Cambridge University Press.
Ali, S.I. & Mathew, B. (2000). Flora of Pakistan 202: 1-35. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.



Chromosome counts






Distribution and Cultivation

Distribution: Region: Iran to Pakistan and C. Asia


From DykesI.falcifolia

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-- BobPries - 2010-04-21
Topic revision: r6 - 19 Sep 2017, BobPries
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