See Show Calender


■ (SPEC) Iris domestica Goldblatt & Mabberley

2005, Botanical authors Goldblatt & Mabberley

Previously known as the Blackberry liliy or Belamcanda chinensis L. now included in the genus Iris by

Goldblatt & Mabb., Novon 15: 129 (2005). See below:
Belamcanda Bot Mag 171.jpgbelamcanda flower.jpgblackberry lily fruit.jpg


Goldblatt & Mabb., Novon 15: 129 (2005).
Other images can be found at The Encyclopedia of Life
Curtis's Botanical Magazine, table 171As Ixia chinensis

In that elaborate and inestimable work, the Horlus Malabancus, we have a good figure of the plant here exhibited, accompanied by a minute description; the author informs us that it grows spontaneously in India, attaining the height even of five or six feet, and affecting a sandy soil; the natives consider it as an antidote to poisons in general, and regard the bruised root as peculiarly efficacious in curing the bite of the serpent, called Cobra de Copella.

We raised plants of it last year from seeds imparted to us by J. Ibbettson, Esq. of the Admiralty; this year, during the months of August and September, many of them have flowered, and capsules are forming which have every appearance of producing perfect seeds; the root of this plant is yellow, and tuberous like that of the Iris, the leaves also greatly resemble those of that tribe, it grows to the height of about three feet, and produces a considerable number of flowers in succession, each of which is of short duration.

The root and radical leaves as represented on the plate are much smaller than in plants which have been long established. Our plants stood in pots in the open ground through the winter of 1790-1 without injury, but it must be remembered, that the weather during that period was uncommonly mild; It will be safest therefore to confider it as a tender herbaceous plant.

It differs so much in its fructification from many others of the genus, that Prof. Murray has considered it as a Moraea, which, in our humble opinion, it has scarcely any affinity.


Chromosome counts:

2n=32,18,27, Shar. & Talu. 1959; 2n=32, Roy & Saran, 1961; 2n=32; Kurasawa. 1966; 2n=32, Lee, 1967; 2n=32, Vij et al.., 1982; 2n=32, Mao & Xue, 1986; 2n=32, Zhao et al., 1990; 2n=28, 30, Srivastava & Purnima, 1990.


Belamcanda chinensis has the following named cultivars;
'Freckle Face', 'Gone With the Wind', 'Hello Yellow', 'Hello Orange', 'Taiwanensis'


Belamcanda chinensis crosses; 'Avalon Hybrids',

Advanced Belamcanda chinensis crosses 'Butterfly Magic', 'Candy Lilies', 'Dazzler Series', 'Heart Of Darkness', 'Jungle Colors', 'Laced Lavender', 'Lollipop', 'LSS Royal Tiger', 'Mandarin Lady', 'Norrisii', 'Pastel Parfait', 'Purple Stitch', 'Sangria', 'Spooky World', 'Summer Snow', 'Sunset Tones'.

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Interested in Iris Species? Please visit the: Species Iris Group of North America website.

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-- Main.RPries - 2010-07-06
Topic revision: r11 - 20 Nov 2021, BobPries
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