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■ (SPEC) Iris afghanica Wend.

Iris afghanica 1972, Botanical author Wendelbo

Iris afghanica Wend. (Per Wendelbo, 1972, Salang Pass, 1500-3300 meters, Kataghan province, NE Afghanistan); Section Regelia; 6-14" (15-35 cm); Flowers veined purple brown over creamy or white ground; beard dark solid purple signal patch.

See below:
afghanica1JB.jpgafghanica2JB.jpgafghanica469JB.JPGafghanica - Dominguez.jpgafghanica - Mayr.jpgAfghanica JM.jpgAfghanica Murrain photo edited-1.jpg


Wendelbo in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 31(2); 338 (1972).
Grey-Wilson offers the following in The Iris Year Book 1973, p.106; "We first saw this in flower in the type locality on the north side of the Salang Pass at about 7,500 ft. in late April and early May. The plant is very common in this area growing characteristically amongst boulders along the banks of the Salang River or on rocky slopes amongst grasses away from the river'' confines. These latter plants found in drier, more exposed positions are notably dwarfer, but every form can be found between this and the more vigorous riverside plants.

Iris afghanica forms tufts to two feet tall and as much across. The lower leaves are green with a narrow white, membranous inner margin, the lower ones being semi-falcate whereas the upper leaves are generally more or less straight and up to 1.5 cm broad. Scapes vary in height from 15 to 45 cm. and carry one large flower each. The falls are oblique and semi-acute towards the tip with a whitish or pale cream background, heavily veined with purple-brown and with a dark central patch and a purple tufted beard. In contrast the upright standards are a fine pale creamy yellow, the midrib flushed with purple and bearing a greenish yellow, purple tipped beard in the lower part. The style arm is short and yellowish flecked and veined with pale green.
We also came upon this species in a new locality some forty miles to the east in the Hindu Kush (east of Banu) and it is probable that it occurs in between in similar places at the 7,00 to 9,000 ft. altitudinal range. The more easterly plants were generally more slender and shorter in leaf and the standards were frequently pure white.

Plants from all thre collections have grown well during 1972 and several have already flowered. This is quite the finest of recent iris introductions."

Chromosome counts: 2n=22, Gustafsson & Wendelbo, 1975. 2n=22, Johnson & Brandham, 1997. ----




none reported ----


None reported ----

Distribution and Cultivation

Distribution: Region: Northeast Afghanistan
Distribution: Region:


afghanica1JB.jpgafghanica2JB.jpgafghanica469JB.JPGafghanica - Dominguez.jpgafghanica - Mayr.jpgAfghanica JM.jpgAfghanica Murrain photo edited-1.jpg

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-- Main.RPries - 2010-02-01
I Attachment Action Size Date Who Comment
Afghanica_JM.jpgjpg Afghanica_JM.jpg manage 55 K 21 Sep 2010 - 18:59 UnknownUser Jim Murrain photo
Afghanica_Murrain_photo_edited-1.jpgjpg Afghanica_Murrain_photo_edited-1.jpg manage 47 K 21 Sep 2010 - 18:57 UnknownUser Jim Murrain photo
afghanica1JB.jpgjpg afghanica1JB.jpg manage 32 K 11 Jun 2014 - 17:32 Main.Betsy881 Photo by John Baumfalk
afghanica2JB.jpgjpg afghanica2JB.jpg manage 50 K 11 Jun 2014 - 17:33 Main.Betsy881 Photo by John Baumfalk
afghanica469JB.JPGJPG afghanica469JB.JPG manage 469 K 13 Apr 2013 - 16:59 Main.Betsy881 Photo from Michael Kammerlander, DE
afghanica_-_Dominguez.jpgjpg afghanica_-_Dominguez.jpg manage 21 K 06 Feb 2010 - 01:45 Main.Betsy881 Photo by Dominquez
afghanica_-_Mayr.jpgjpg afghanica_-_Mayr.jpg manage 17 K 06 Feb 2010 - 00:03 Main.Betsy881 Photo by Josef Mayr
Topic revision: r17 - 09 Aug 2016, BobPries
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